Health News: Lung Cancer in The Philippines 2014
Lung Cancer is an uncontrolled and abnormal growth of lung cells. It happens when the mutation, which occurs due to varied reasons, by the cell’s gene, is unable to destroy the carcinogenic substances and rectify the damage in DNA and develop tumors. As the tumor develops and/or multiplies it subdues the lung’s ability to provide oxygen to the bloodstream.
There are variousCancer symptoms which depend upon the location and condition of tumor. It is usually not easy to detect cancer at an early stage and even takes years for the symptoms to appear when the disease is in advanced stages.
The symptoms are:
- Loss in weight
- Continuous coughing
- Chest tightness and pain
- Pain in Joints and bones
- Chronic Bronchitis
- Difficulty in breathing
- Changes in colour of mucus when coughed
- Wheezing or harsh sound while breathing
- Blood clot
- Swelling in neck or face.
It is advised to go for a check up even if few of the above symptoms are being matched. On the basis of information on symptoms and other methods, physicians diagnose lung cancer. The doctors examine the patient, symptoms and medical history at first. Depending on the examination the doctors conduct a set of related physical examination and analysis of blood and its colour in sputum (mucus). Some common techniques to detect tumor includes bronchoscopy, CT Scans, MRI Scans, Chest X-Rays and others. Further cells are extracted and viewed under microscope by pathologists to diagnose cancer. This method is known as biopsy.
Depending on the status and stage of cancer a combination of therapies and surgeries are performed. It includes chemotherapy, radiotherapy and other related surgeries. Other new therapies have even developed like gene therapy, hormone therapy and others. However, it is not possible to remove all cancer cells.