HIV and AIDS Case Study in the Philippines. So What is HIV/AIDS?
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is caused by virus which does not eliminate from body and breaks down the immune system. HIV causes AIDS. HIV has three main stages:
- Acute infection
- Clinical latency
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) is the final or advanced stage of HIV disease. It indicates that the virus has completely spread over the body and has destroyed the immune system totally. This put the patients for opportunistic infections (OIs) and thus patients need germ-free environment and extra care than before. It is one of the most deadly diseases having no cure. It is a chronic disease in which even a simple flu can be fatal to health.
It is difficult to detect the symptoms. Few of the symptoms of HIV are:
- Influenza or flu
- Throat inflammation
- Muscle pains
- Gastro-intestinal problems
HIV is transmitted through three main channels:
- Sexual Contact
- Exposure of infected body fluids
- From mother to child, during pregnancy, breast feeding and other circumstances where the contact is direct.
HIV is not transmitted by touching or interacting with diseased patient.
- Safe Sex: Safe sex reduces the risk of HIV transmission. Using condom, abstaining sexual relationship with others, getting proper knowledge and consequences of unsafe sex are some ways which must be known before having sexual pleasures.
- Exposure: Getting proper knowledge, knowing the consequences, joining a needle exchange program, not sharing needles, razors, toothbrush and disposing used needles or abstaining from steroids and drugs which involves needle sharing are few exposure precautions needed.
- Mother to child: Programs preventing vertical transmission, bottle feeding instead of breast feeding and providing antiviral medication are some preventive ways.