The Causes of Bulimia Nervosa (also called as binge eating) is an eating disorder characterized by recurrent episodes of eating a large amount of food followed by activities to avoid weight gain such us inducing vomiting, use of laxatives, fasting or excessive exercise. This eating disorder may be classified as a psychological disorder when the same activity happens in the course of at least twice a week for three months. It is commonly seen among young adults.
Bulimia Nervosa Definition
The causes include genetics. A neurotransmitter called serotonin, when diminished, causes disturbances in cognition and mood. Stress could also be a factor, using eating as a coping mechanism but then felt wrong with the ‘thin ideal’ in mind. Women internalize that this is the socio-cultural standard, which is Amy also be the root of other causes such as low0self esteem negative self evaluation, shyness, lack of friends, and perfectionism.
People with bulimia are usually within the normal weight range. It is also possible they may be underweight but not generally overweight.
When looking for signs of the disorders, here are the signs and symptoms you may want to watch out: Hiding of food because of the feeling that people may judge them, they express strict diet but no changes in weight or appearance, unsatisfied with their body size and shape, may have noticeable anxiety symptoms.
Bulimia Nervosa Effects
Because of purging patients may also suffer from tooth decay, dehydration, fatigue, throat scars, and dehydration.
To deal with this disorder, initially, patients are assessed about their psychological, physical, emotional and behavioural functioning.
Bulimia Nervosa Treatment
Psychological treatments may include Cognitive-behavioural therapy (to restructure thoughts about self), Relaxation techniques with regards to coping mechanisms, and Family and Group therapy. Alongside with psychotherapy, patients may be prescribed with medications to reduce binge eating and suppress hunger. This may include fluoxetine (for patients with relapse), sibutramine (can suppress hunger and help with weight loss but be warned about their effects on blood pressure), sertraline and topiramate (helps reduce binge eating and can improve mood in patients who also struggle with depression or anxiety),
Bulimia Nervosa Symptoms