Asthma: a deadly chronic disease
Asthma is a chronic disease which affects the airways in the lungs as the airways get inflamed and the muscles around it tightens. Due to this it becomes difficult for the air to move in out of the windpipe to the lungs, thus, people tend to choke, causes cough, short breadth and chest tightness. People having family history of allergies, prone to allergies or working in a harmful environment are more prone to asthma.
The arrays of symptoms which indicate asthma are:
- Wheezing is the most common symptom.
- Scratchy or whistling sound while breathing.
- Shortness of Breadth.
- Constant Coughing.
- Problem in sleeping because of coughing.
- Chest Tightness.
- Lethargic or tired.
The symptoms can worsen while playing or during sports activities like panting.
If the above symptoms match the person should straight away go the physician or an allergist. The allergist would diagnose further by:
- Going through the medical history of the patient as well as his/her family’s health history.
- Breathing Test called spirometry.
- The doctor may also take allergy test to know about any underlying allergy.
- An additional exercise test may even be done by doctors.
Asthma is incurable, but it can be managed and treated effectively to reduce the symptoms. The foremost job is to take medications as and when prescribed by the doctors and knowing and taking preventive steps to avoid triggers that can increase the symptoms of asthma.
A proper and organized treatment plan should be made which should include exercises as given by the physicians, fresh air intake and proper diet. Asthma patients should make an extra effort to live in an unpolluted, germ-free environment as it may trigger asthma symptoms.
Following an organized treatment plan under the guidance of the doctors will keep asthma at a bay and will help patients in living a healthy life.